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Don’t Miss Your Chance: Iowa’s Statute of Limitations Explained

Iowa Civil Statute of Limitations

If you are thinking of filing a lawsuit or civil action in Iowa, it is important to be aware of the statute of limitations that applies to your case. The statute of limitations is the time limit within which you must file a lawsuit, and it varies depending on the type of case.

Types of Civil Cases

Civil cases include a wide range of lawsuits, such as personal injury cases, breach of contract disputes, and property damage claims. No matter what type of civil case you are considering, it is crucial to be familiar with the applicable statute of limitations to ensure that your claim is filed within the required timeframe.

Time Limits for Filing

The statute of limitations in Iowa sets a deadline for filing a civil lawsuit. This time limit begins the moment you have a legal claim against someone or a company.

And, it is a critical factor in filing a lawsuit. In Iowa, depending on the type of case, the statute of limitations ranges from two to ten years.

Failure to file your case within this time period may result in your case being dismissed by the court.

Specific Limits for Different Cases

The following are some specific limits for different types of civil cases:

1. Injury to Person: Two years from the date of the injury


Libel/Slander: Two years from the date of the defamatory statement or publication

3. Fraud: Five years from the date of the fraud or from the date that the fraud became known or should have become known to the victim


Injury to Personal Property: Five years from the date of the damage

5. Professional Malpractice: Two years from the date of injury or one year from discovery of the malpractice, whichever is earlier


Trespass: Five years from the date of the trespass

7. Collection of Rents: Five years for claims arising out of a rental agreement


Contracts: Ten years from the date of the breach

9. Collection of Debt on Account: Five years from the date of the last activity on the account


Judgments: Up to twenty years

Iowa Criminal Statute of Limitations

If you have been a victim of a crime in Iowa, you may wish to file criminal charges against the perpetrator. But, be aware that Iowa has its own set of limitations on filing criminal charges.

Time Limits for Filing Criminal Charges

The statute of limitations on filing criminal charges in Iowa depends on the severity of the crime. For heinous crimes such as first and second-degree murder, there is no statute of limitations.

This means that charges can be filed at any time, no matter how long ago the offense occurred.

Limits for Different Categories of Crimes

For other categories of crimes, Iowa has the following limitations:

1. Felonies: Three years


Serious Misdemeanors: Two years

3. Simple Misdemeanors: One year


Violation of Ordinances: Up to one year

5. Prosecuted: If a person has been tried and found not guilty, the State has one year after the date of the trial to file charges related to the same offense.

To Sum Up

In Iowa, the statute of limitations is an essential factor to be taken into account while considering filing civil or criminal charges. Always remember, timing plays a crucial role, which means you should act promptly to preserve your legal rights.

By keeping yourself informed of the statute of limitations in Iowa, you can make informed decisions about your legal options. State Laws Can Change: Disclaimer for the Need to Verify Current State Laws

If you are dealing with legal issues, it is essential to understand that state laws can change, sometimes more frequently than you might expect.

Laws are amended, repealed, and introduced every year, and without staying up-to-date, you might be making decisions based on outdated or even incorrect information. It is important to take various factors into consideration, such as legal research, contacting attorneys, and keeping tabs on your state’s legislative updates.

Legal Research

Legal research is the process of finding and interpreting legal resources to determine how the law applies to a specific issue or problem. With the wide range of resources available to conduct legal research, it can be a time-consuming and challenging process.

However, it is essential to understand the current legal landscape to make informed decisions. One can find legal resources on the internet, such as the website of the state government, Supreme Court, or other legal databases.

You can also research legal books, treatises, and articles, along with secondary sources, such as legal blogs, forums, and social media platforms. However, it is essential to verify the sources for the accuracy and completeness of the information given.

Contacting Attorneys

Another method of verifying current state laws is by contacting an attorney. A licensed attorney can help you navigate the intricacies of the legal system in your state, including any recent changes.

Ensure that you have a clear understanding of the questions you want to ask before meeting with an attorney. Most lawyers offer a free consultation to discuss your legal issues and propose legal services that can help you throughout your case.

A lawyer can guide you through legal research and provide you with up-to-date knowledge that you may not have found. Keeping Tabs on Your State’s Legislative Updates

Lastly, keep tabs on your state’s legislative updates.

Most states have a website where you can find the current state laws and recent legislative updates. Subscribing to newsletters and alerts is another way to stay informed of any changes in the laws.

It’s important to stay vigilant because new laws are often applied immediately, or within a few months of being passed. Failing to acknowledge the new legislation or law could lead to various consequences, such as missing the deadline for filing a claim or incurring a fine.

To Sum Up

Verifying current state laws is necessary to make informed decisions and avoid unwanted complications. Keep in mind that state laws can change, and it is crucial to do thorough legal research, contacting attorneys where possible, and tracking state legislative updates.

By doing these things, you can ensure that you are up-to-date with the latest changes and informed about the legal landscape. In summary, this article emphasizes the importance of being aware of state laws and the fact that they can change.

Ignorance of the law is not a defense, and being uninformed can have serious legal consequences. The article advises individuals to conduct thorough legal research, contact an attorney for further guidance, and to stay up-to-date with legislative updates to remain informed.

By doing so, individuals can make informed decisions and avoid any unwanted complications that may arise from outdated or incorrect information. It’s critical to be proactive, so keep the changes in mind, verify state laws, and protect your legal rights.

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