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Navigating Utah’s Lemon Law: A Comprehensive Guide to Protecting Consumers’ Rights

Buying a brand new car is always exciting, but it can be a nightmare if the car you purchased has defects or fails to meet safety standards. Fortunately, Utah has a Lemon Law that protects consumers from these scenarios.

In this article, we will provide a guide to Utah’s Lemon Law, including eligibility, nonconforming conditions, repair and remedies, exclusions and definition of eligible vehicles. Whether you’re in the market for a new car in Utah or currently experiencing difficulties with your vehicle, this comprehensive guide will help you understand what to expect and how to proceed.


To qualify for Utah’s Lemon Law, the vehicle in question must be a motor-powered vehicle primarily designed for use on highways, including motorcycles and recreational vehicles (RVs). Additionally, the gross weight of the vehicle must be under 12,000 lbs.

The car must have been purchased, leased or registered in Utah.

One important factor to consider is the age and mileage of the vehicle.

Utah’s Lemon Law does not cover vehicles with a mileage above 12,000 miles or those that are more than one-year-old. Therefore, if you purchased a used vehicle or if your car has exceeded the mileage limit, you will not be eligible to file a claim under the Lemon Law.

Nonconforming Conditions

To be considered a lemon, the vehicle must have persistent nonconforming conditions. These are defects that substantially impair the value, safety or operation of the vehicle.

Minor repairs that do not affect the performance of the car are not covered under the Utah Lemon Law. Furthermore, defects resulting from the abuse or neglect of the vehicle owner are excluded from the law.

Repair and Remedies

If your vehicle meets the eligibility criteria and has persistent nonconforming conditions, you have the right to seek a remedy under the Lemon Law. If the manufacturer or dealer is unable to fix your car after four repair attempts, or if your car has been in the repair shop for a cumulative period of 30 days or more, you may be entitled to a refund or replacement of the vehicle.

In the case of a refund, the manufacturer must repay the full purchase price of the car. The refund amount will be reduced by any applicable mileage allowance, which is calculated based on how long the vehicle was in use before the problem was discovered.

The law also mandates that any financing charges, registration fees or sales tax that the consumer paid related to the purchase of the car be reimbursed. In situations where the consumer prefers a replacement, the manufacturer must provide a new comparable vehicle with no additional cost.

However, if the consumer prefers, they can get a refund instead of a replacement vehicle. The mileage allowance will be applied here as well, and the manufacturer can subtract a reasonable fee for the use of the previous vehicle.

Dispute Settlement Procedure

If you experience difficulties in reaching a settlement with the manufacturer or dealer, you can start a dispute settlement procedure. Under the law, manufacturers must participate in an informal dispute settlement process approved by the state’s attorney general’s office.

The process includes notifying the manufacturer of any concerns, filing an application, presenting evidence, and initiating a hearing. The decision could either be legally binding in favor of the consumer or the manufacturer.

Exclusions and Definition of Eligible Vehicles

It’s important to note that there are a few exclusions for Utah’s Lemon Law. Vehicles weighing over 12,000 lbs are not covered under the law.

Additionally, used cars do not qualify for Lemon Law protection. To meet the definition of eligible vehicles, your car must satisfy specific criteria, which include gas, diesel, and electric powered vehicles.

The law also extends to motorcycles and recreational vehicles built for highway use and with a gross weight of under 12,000 lbs.


Purchasing a car should be a pleasant experience, but when a newly purchased car begins showing nonconforming conditions, it can be frustrating. However, consumers can take solace that Utah Lemon Law provides remedies in such instances.

By following the eligibility criteria, understanding nonconforming conditions, repair and remedies, and the exclusions under the Lemon Law, consumers can use the law to their advantage. Moreover, if any disputes arise, the dispute settlement procedure provided within the law ensures that all parties can reach a reasonable solution.

Lemon laws protect consumers from the purchase of defective products, including cars. In Utah, the Lemon Law provides legal remedies to consumers who have purchased new vehicles that fail to meet the required standards of performance or safety.

The law specifies that nonconforming conditions must exist for the car to be considered a lemon. Therefore, it’s essential to understand what nonconforming conditions are and the procedures required to file a claim.

This article will provide a guide to nonconforming conditions in Utah’s Lemon Law and the process required to file a complaint.

Definition of nonconforming conditions

Nonconforming conditions are defects that substantially reduce the value, safety, or operational capacity of a vehicle. Examples of nonconforming conditions include problems with the engine, transmission, or steering wheel.

When a nonconforming problem causes the vehicle to fail to meet safety standards, it is considered a serious issue. For a problem to be considered a nonconforming condition, it must interfere with the vehicle’s use, safety, or value to the consumer significantly.

This means that minor issues such as rattling windows or minor cosmetic issues may not be covered under the Lemon Law.

Simple problems not covered

As mentioned earlier, simple problems like rattling windows or other minor cosmetic problems may not be considered nonconforming conditions. For a problem to qualify as nonconforming, it must be significant enough to interfere with the daily use of the car.

Utah’s Lemon Law does not cover minor issues like a stereo system failing to work correctly or cosmetic damage to the car’s paint.

Requirements for filing

To file a lemon claim under the Lemon Law in Utah, consumers must meet specific requirements. First, the car must have displayed nonconforming conditions that have been the subject of repair attempts four or more times.

The repair attempts must have occurred within the first year of ownership or the first 12,000 miles, whichever comes first. Alternatively, if the vehicle has been in the repair shop for a cumulative period of 30 days, the consumer may be eligible to file a lemon claim.


If the consumer is entitled to a refund under the Utah Lemon Law, they will receive the full purchase price of the vehicle, including any options and accessories. However, this price may be reduced by any prevalent mileage allowance, a calculation on how long the vehicle was in use before the problem was discovered.

Alternatively, the manufacturer may compensate the consumer for any reasonable and necessary expenses incurred as a result of the nonconforming condition, including repairs and rental car expenses. The manufacturer may also pay the consumer reasonable attorney fees and court costs.


If the consumer prefers a replacement vehicle, the manufacturer must provide a new comparable vehicle with no additional cost. This new vehicle must also come with a 12-month or 12,000-mile express warranty, whichever occurs first.

However, the manufacturer may be permitted to deduct a reasonable charge for the consumer’s use of the previous vehicle.

Exclusion after informal dispute settlement

Suppose the consumer and the manufacturer cannot reach an agreement over refund or replacement through the informal dispute settlement process. In that case, the consumer may pursue further actions, including filing a lawsuit.

However, if the dispute goes to a hearing and a decision is made that is not in the consumer’s favor, the consumer loses their eligibility for lemon aid and cannot initiate another action under the same claim.


Utah’s Lemon Law protects consumers from purchasing defective cars by providing legal remedies. Understanding nonconforming conditions and the requirements for filing a claim can be helpful when trying to resolve issues with a newly purchased vehicle.

The refund and replacement remedies available under the Lemon Law provide valuable options for consumers who have purchased a defective vehicle. However, consumers must follow the necessary procedures and requirements to ensure successful claims.

Utah’s Lemon Law offers vital protection to consumers who purchase new vehicles with nonconforming conditions, such as defects that affect the vehicle’s safety, value, or operation. However, the law does not cover used vehicles, which raises questions for consumers who purchase used cars with significant defects.

This article will provide an in-depth guide to Utah’s Lemon Law and used vehicles, including why used cars are excluded and what recourse consumers have when purchasing a problematic used car.

Exclusion of used vehicles

Utah’s Lemon Law only covers new motor vehicles purchased, leased, or registered in Utah. Specifically, the law defines a new motor vehicle as a car with a gross vehicle weight of under 12,000 pounds that has not been previously sold for purposes other than resale or lease.

This means that used motor vehicles are not covered by the Lemon Law. This exclusion applies to any car that has been driven more than 7,500 miles or is over one year old.

However, the vehicle may be covered under the Uniform Commercial Code, which offers legal protections for the sale of consumer goods, including used cars. Why are used vehicles excluded?

There are several reasons why used vehicles are typically excluded from lemon laws in most states. For one, it can be challenging to ascertain the extent of any existing problems or defects with a used vehicle.

Second, once a vehicle has been driven off the lot, it becomes more challenging to hold a dealer or manufacturer liable for any issues. Additionally, since used vehicles are sold as-is, buyers are expected to understand that the vehicle comes without any guarantee of quality or defect-free performance.

As a result, if an issue arises, the consumer is typically expected to bear the responsibility of repairing the vehicle. What recourse do consumers have when purchasing a problematic used car?

If a person purchases a used car with significant defects, there are still several avenues they can pursue to achieve some degree of compensation or reimbursement for their purchase. Some of the options available to consumers include:


Warranty: In some cases, a used car may come with a warranty that offers some protection against defects. However, in most instances, these warranties are limited and do not cover every aspect of the vehicle.

2. Service contracts: A service contract is a legal agreement between a consumer and a third-party provider that offers some protection against vehicle defects.

These contracts can range significantly in coverage and cost, so it’s important to read them carefully. 3.

State laws: As mentioned earlier, the Uniform Commercial Code offers some protection for consumers who purchase defective products, including used cars. If a consumer can prove that the dealer or seller knew about the defects and hid them from the buyer, they may be eligible for compensation.

4. Negotiation: In some cases, the dealer or seller may agree to repair or replace the vehicle at no additional cost to the consumer.

It’s important to take a diplomatic and non-confrontational approach when initiating this kind of conversation.


In conclusion, Utah’s Lemon Law offers important protection to consumers who purchase new motor vehicles with nonconforming conditions. However, the law does not cover used vehicles, creating a potential area of concern for consumers who find themselves with a problematic used car.

While used car buyers have fewer legal options available to them, they may still have some recourse through warranties, service contracts, state laws, and negotiation with the seller or dealer. It’s important for consumers to approach any vehicle purchase with caution, perform due diligence, and carefully review all warranty and service contract options before signing any agreements.

In summary, Utah’s Lemon Law provides crucial protection for consumers who purchase new vehicles with nonconforming conditions, ensuring they have remedies such as refunds or replacements. However, this law does not cover used vehicles, creating a potential challenge for those who encounter defects.

While options like warranties, service contracts, state laws, and negotiation exist for used car buyers, it’s crucial to exercise caution and due diligence when purchasing a used vehicle. Understanding the limitations of the Lemon Law and exploring alternative avenues can help consumers navigate the often complex landscape of used car purchases.

Remember to thoroughly inspect any used car, review contracts, and consider additional protections to make an informed decision.

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