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The Importance of Whistleblower Protection Laws in Hawaii

Whistleblower Rights in Hawaii

Whistleblowing refers to the act of reporting wrongdoing by an organization or individual to the appropriate authorities. In Hawaii, whistleblowers are protected by both common law and statutory protections.

These protections give whistleblowers the legal right to report illegal or unethical practices without fear of retaliation from their employers.

Common Law Protections

The common law protections in Hawaii provide whistleblowers with protection based on public policy, which means that any employer who violates public policy by firing, demoting, or otherwise discriminating against an employee who has reported unlawful practices can be held liable for damages. The public policy may be based on federal or state laws, regulations, or court cases.

Specifically, common law protections in Hawaii protect whistleblowers who have reported illegal practices, breaches of legal duties, and any other violation of public policy.

Statutory Protections

In addition to common law protections, Hawaii has statutory whistleblower protections. These protections apply to employees who disclose information about violations of the law, contracts, rules, regulations, or health and safety requirements.

The law covers a wide range of topics, including discriminatory practices, occupational safety and health, workers’ compensation, and investigations. The policy also protects employees who refuse to participate or assist in any activity that is in violation of the law.

Any employee who exercises their rights under statutory whistleblower laws and is then fired, demoted, or otherwise discriminated against by their employer is encouraged to file a complaint with the appropriate government agency.

Whistleblower Hotlines in Hawaii

The government of Hawaii has established a number of whistleblower hotlines to make it easier for employees to file complaints. Here are some of the most important hotlines that Whistleblowers should contact if they encounter illegal or unethical practices:

Hawaii Civil Rights Commission


Hawaii Civil Rights Commission is responsible for enforcing state laws that prohibit discrimination in employment and housing. Employees who have been subjected to discrimination based on age, race, religion, or any other protected class should contact this hotline.

Department of Labor and Industrial Relations


Department of Labor and Industrial Relations is responsible for enforcing state laws that govern employment practices, including wage and hour laws, safety standards, and workers’ compensation. Employees who have been the victim of workplace safety violations or who have experienced wage violations can report them to the

Department of Labor and Industrial Relations.

Occupational Safety and Health Division


Occupational Safety and Health Division of the

Department of Labor and Industrial Relations is responsible for ensuring that Hawaii workplaces are safe and healthy. Employees who have concerns about workplace safety, or who have witnessed unsafe practices, can report them to this division.

Disability Compensation Division


Disability Compensation Division of the

Department of Labor and Industrial Relations is responsible for investigating disability compensation claims. Employees who have been denied disability compensation or who have experienced retaliation for filing a disability compensation claim can report this to the

Disability Compensation Division.


Whistleblower protection in Hawaii is designed to help employees who have information about illegal or unethical activities feel safe reporting them. The state’s common law and statutory protections guarantee that whistleblowers will not face retaliation for their disclosures.

The whistleblower hotlines in Hawaii provide a way for employees to report illegal or unethical practices and receive assistance in protecting their rights. If you encounter illegal or unethical activities at work, it is essential to contact the appropriate government agency to report them and protect yourself from retaliation.

Whistleblower Retaliation Claims in Hawaii

Whistleblower retaliation claims occur when an employer takes adverse action against an employee for reporting, disclosing, or refusing to participate in an illegal or unethical activity. In Hawaii, employees who have been retaliated against for whistleblowing are entitled to take legal action and are protected under state statutes.

Lawsuit and Court Process

Hawaii businesses are prohibited from retaliating against whistleblowers under Hawaiis Whistleblower Protection Act. Individuals who believe their employer has retaliated against them for whistleblowing may file a lawsuit in state court.

To file a lawsuit, the employee must first obtain a right to sue letter from the

Hawaii Civil Rights Commission. If the court determines that the employer violated Hawaiis whistleblower protection statute, the employee may be entitled to compensation for lost wages, reinstatement, and damages for emotional distress.

If the employer is found to have engaged in retaliatory acts, the employee may also be entitled to both compensatory and punitive damages.

Discrimination and

Occupational Safety and Health

The state of Hawaii provides comprehensive protection to whistleblowers who report unsafe or hazardous working conditions and discriminatory practices in the workplace. By reporting such practices, whistleblowers often put their employers at risk and may face retaliation, including demotion, termination, or harassment.

Under Hawaiis Whistleblower Protection Act, the

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) protects employees who report these violations. OSHA statute places civil liability on employers for any negative actions taken against employees, and employers face both civil fines and relief penalties if convicted of violating the statute.

Workers’ Compensation

Whistleblower protection in Hawaii extends to employees who report employer wrongdoing regarding workers’ compensation. If an employer interferes with an employees right to receive workers compensation or violates an employees rights to workers compensation, the employee has the right to take legal action.

Employers found guilty of such interference may face fines, imprisonment, and civil liability damages.

Violation and Retaliation Penalties in Hawaii

General Whistleblower Protection

Hawaii provides comprehensive whistleblower protection across all industries. Hawaii employees are protected from workplace retaliation, including demotions, termination, or harassment, if they make disclosures about illegal or unethical activities in the workplace.

Employers who engage in retaliatory practices may face civil fines, mandatory relief, and other penalties.

Occupational Safety and Health

Employers who violate OSHA guidelines or retaliate against employees who have reported hazards or other violations can face fines and other penalties. OSHA determines penalty amounts based on the severity of the violation involved.

Repeated, willful, and failure to correct violations result in harsher penalties and action taken by the state’s attorney general’s office. Workers’ Compensation

Employers who interfere with an employee’s right to receive workers’ compensation benefits or take retaliatory action against the employee may face penalties under Hawaii state law.

Employers who violate workers compensation laws may be required to pay fines, damages, and provide relief and may be held liable for civil penalties.

Employer Liability

Hawaiis Whistleblower Protection Act provides specific protections for employees who report employer wrongdoing. Under the act, employers may be held liable for any retaliation against whistleblowers, and the employee is entitled to relief under the law.

Employers that interfere with whistleblowers’ rights, discriminate against them, or retaliate against them can face civil fines, mandatory relief, and other penalties. Employers who violate this law can be held civilly or criminally liable, depending on the severity of the violation involved.


Whistleblower protection is a critical issue in Hawaii, providing employees with the tools they need to report wrongdoing in the workplace. Hawaii statutes and regulations provide protection for employees who report illegal or unethical practices and discourage employers from engaging in retaliatory activities.

By being aware of their rights and the consequences of employer wrongdoing, employees can help to promote ethically responsible practices and ensure that employers are held responsible for their actions.

More Hawaii Laws

Hawaii has several laws that protect whistleblowers from retaliation in the workplace. These laws provide statutory protections to employees who report illegal or unethical practices in their workplace.

In addition to the common and statutory protections already outlined, here are some additional laws that whistleblowers should be aware of:

Hawaiis False Claims Act

Hawaii’s False Claims Act (HFCA) is a state counterpart to the federal False Claims Act and establishes liability for anyone who makes false or fraudulent claims or statements to obtain money or property from the government. The law also allows whistleblowers to sue on behalf of the government and receive a portion of the funds recovered.

It provides protections to employees who report false claims or statements by their employers. The HFCA prohibits employers from taking disciplinary action, firing, or discriminating against employees who engage in protected activities, such as reporting government fraud.

Employees who face retaliation for whistleblowing under the HFCA may file a lawsuit in state court and may be entitled to certain remedies if their claims are proven.

Hawaii Whistleblower Protection Act


Hawaii Whistleblower Protection Act (HWPA) is another law that provides statutory protection to whistleblowers. The HWPA prohibits covered organizations from retaliating against employees for making good faith complaints or disclosures about illegal or unethical conduct.

Under the HWPA, covered organizations are public employers and contractors, which means private organizations that provide services to government entities. Any employee who is subject to retaliation under the HWPA can file a complaint with the

Hawaii Civil Rights Commission.

If the complaint is successful, the employer may be required to pay the employee compensation for any lost wages or benefits he or she incurred as a result of the retaliatory action.

Hawaii Civil Rights Act


Hawaii Civil Rights Act (HCRA) prohibits employers in the state from discriminating against employees based on sex, race, religion, national origin, age, disability, or sexual orientation. The law also covers employees’ right for equal employment opportunities and protection against retaliation for exercising these rights.

Employees who face discriminatory or retaliatory actions can file a complaint with the

Hawaii Civil Rights Commission. This agency has the power to investigate the complaint, conduct a hearing, and order the employer to pay fines and damages to the employee if the claims are proven.


Whistleblower protection in Hawaii is paramount, and employees who report wrongdoings and illegal or unethical activities in their workplace must be protected from retaliation. The state’s laws and policies provide comprehensive protections for employees who engage in whistleblowing activities, and the employer’s consequences for retaliation can be severe.

By understanding the full scope of these laws and their protections, employees can act with confidence in reporting irregularities and illegal actions in their workplace. Moreover, they can feel secure knowing that their employer cannot retaliate against them for engaging in appropriate whistleblowing activities.

If an employee has faced retaliation for whistleblowing activities, they should contact a qualified attorney promptly for legal assistance navigating their rights and options under Hawaii law. Whistleblower protection laws in Hawaii play a crucial role in ensuring a safe and ethical work environment.

Employees are safeguarded by both common law and statutory protections, which prohibit retaliation for reporting illegal or unethical practices. Various hotlines, such as the

Hawaii Civil Rights Commission and

Department of Labor and Industrial Relations, provide avenues for employees to file complaints and seek assistance.

Violation and retaliation penalties, as well as additional laws like the False Claims Act and the

Hawaii Whistleblower Protection Act, further reinforce the importance of whistleblowing. It is vital for employees to be aware of their rights and the available resources when facing illegal actions, as these laws not only protect individuals but also promote a culture of accountability and integrity in the workplace.

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